Today China imposed antidumping and countervailing duties on the import of certain U.S. autos. The auto sector, subject to prior WTO litigation, is a very sensitive sector of global commerce.
This recent Chinese trade action is in context of aggressive use of trade measures and WTO litigation by the Bush and Obama administrations.
Recent examples of U.S. actions by the Obama administration are:
WTO action against China concerning its clean energy policies;
WTO action against China’s restrictions on import of poultry from the U.S.;
U.S. domestic agency action (International Trade Commission) as to the import of Chinese solar panels into the U.S.
Threatening new trade sanctions to combat commercial cyberwarfare by Chinese government-related enterprises.